The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Gynecology is a branch of medicine that deals with supervision of women specially during their pregnancy and childbirth. They also majorly focus on diagnosing and providing treatment to the diseases caused in female reproductive system. Other health issues of women where the Gynecologist are incline to help are hormone problems, infertility, menopause and birth control. A Gynecology doctor is defined as women’s reproductive health specialist. An Obstetricians major role is to supervision and care the women after the baby is delivered. They also help the gynecologist during the delivery. An Ob-gyn is a well trained doctor to take care of all these situations. However, with vary in time and change in time most of the women consult a OB-GYN at minimum of once in a year or some consider consulting their regular primary physicians.
- Reproductive science in medicine
- Pediatric gynecology
- Minimal invasive surgery
The commencement of maternal fetal medicine has been elevated from the introduction of numerous technologies which are useful to take care and supervise maternal-fetal health. Initially it is denoted as perinatal Medicine by perceiving its growth in last 20 years the new name also was given to them. Maternal fetal medicine is a great contribution for the wellbeing of neonatal, focusing on their health and development a number of advanced and helpful technologies are initiating. Some of the recent technologies like identifying the fragments of cell free DNA of a fetal in a maternal circulation was made possible by prenatal screening with advancement in genomics and diagnosis and also it proved the utility of chromosomal microarrays. It is a useful technique because besides finding aneuploidies it can also test for microduplications and microdeletions.
- Fetal and maternal disorders
- Therapies involved in fetal treatment
- Prenatal genetics
- Pregnancy complications
A women health is important to maintain the wellbeing of her baby. To give birth to a healthy baby successfully most of the women prefer to do regular exercise, to eat good food and also by undergoing regular prenatal care. Advised to all women in order to avoid complications during pregnancy. During pregnancy the possibility of reducing the birth defects is by taking nutritious diet, this is also responsible for the healthy baby weight during birth and also for a good development of fetal brain. Besides natural food consuming some prenatal vitamin supplements is also important because planning a three nutrient filled diet in routine is difficult job for a pregnant women, thus these vitamin supplements can fulfil their routine diet as well as they can supply the additional nutrition needed for a developing fetus. It is necessary to make good choices for better lifestyle during pregnancy because this should not create any bad impact on developing fetus. So, it is compulsorily advised to avoid consuming alcohol, smoking and using drugs.
- Food and nutrition.
- Medication during pregnancy
- Antenatal care
- Enlightenment of dynamic mothers
Neonatology is a broad division comes under pediatrics which insist to provide medical care to infants specially newborns. The extensive Care is allocated to the premature and ill new-born infants. It is particularly established in hospitals and is generally followed in neonatal intensive care units. It is a high protection zone where special medical care is provided for infants with sepsis, low birth weight, pulmonary hypoplasia, prematurity, congenital malformation, and intrauterine growth restriction. Neonatal nurse practitioners are experienced nurses who are specialized in neonatal care. They can serve, scheme, advise, diagnose and execute the processes not beyond the scope of practice which are described by law of government where they live and the hospital where they work.
- Clinical care
- Fetal endocrinology
- Neonatal testing
- Essential nutrition for infant
Clinical research in prenatal medicine is a field of healthcare science that establishes the efficacy of devices , treatment procedures, medications, diagnostic tools purposeful for prenatal care. These are also used for treatment, to relieve the symptoms, diagnosis and prevention of both fetus and the mother. Clinical practice is different from clinical research. In clinical research verifications and confirmations are saved to initiate a treatment whereas in clinical practice treatments are used which are already created. There will be four phase process for all clinical trials which involves new drug. The process in each phase has a drug approval procedure and it is considered as each trial.
- Fetal anaemia
- CMV infection and rehabilitate
- Clinical trial in uterine fibroids
- Previalble PROM
A few babies have problems with their body parts and organs when they are still in the womb and also some difficulties in how they work, how the mechanism of changing food into energy works in their body, these health-related problems of the fetal is known as birth defects. Reaching the serious kind of birth defects from the minor ones which is consider as a disability or needs medical or surgical treatment and can be cured easily without treatments respectively thus the birth defects are 4000 different types or more than that. Structural birth defect is defined as a baby born with any body part malformed or missing. The most common type of structural effect is heart defects. Some other common birth defects are cleft palate, congenital dislocated hip, spina bifida, clubfoot. If there is any problem in the baby’s body and if it is related to body chemistry, then it is called as metabolic birth defect. But in most instance the doctor was unable to find the reason for the baby’s birth defect.
- Inadequacy of Heart
- Down syndrome
- Spina bifida
- Edward’s syndrome
- Medication surgeries and home care
Gynecologic oncology is an elaborated branch of medicine that majorly concentrates on cancers of the female reproductive system which includes uterine cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Gynecologic oncologists are the specialist with immense knowledge and training to diagnose and treatment these kind of cancers. They serves as a lead in woman’s Gynecologic cancer care. It is highly important to seek advice from a Gynecologic oncologist prior to the start of the treatment so the best supervision and treatment can be provided based on the stage of the cancer. The European society of Gynecologic oncology and the society of Gynecologic oncology are the Gynecologic oncologist professional organization. For Gynecologic oncologist and other medical professionals who takes part in treating Gynecologic cancers. Gynecologic oncology group is the professional organization. To instruct woman about the signs, symptoms and also the significance of premature diagnosis Gynecologic cancer awareness and ovarian cancer awareness are declared on the month of September .
- Types of cancer
- Oncologist roles and responsibilities
- Pre-clinical studies
- clinical trials and outcomes.
- Extensive care
The actual essence of having healthy pregnancy is to have a good diet , following regular exercise, having knowledge about what to avoid and make sure of their vaccinations up to date. At any time for a healthy lifestyle a healthy diet is necessary but specifically in pregnancy its mandatory. double check with some important facts about which food and supplements are important take extra care and which food should be avoided during pregnancy. hasty impulse towards a particular type of food to eat it are experience that disturb the regular diet of many women during pregnancy. eating variety of healthful fruits , vegetables, food will help to consume all the needed vitamins and minerals for a pregnant woman. Taking some supplements are also advised to attain a proper health during pregnancies. Having higher amount of caffeine will lead to make more difficulties to conceive. During pregnancy the gums will get easily irritated by causing them to bleed while brushing these are due to the hormonal changes. Some kind of bacteria like Listeria present in some food causes infection and it may lead to miscarriage.
- Healthy maternal fetal interactions
- Importance of dental hygiene during pregnancy
- Self-Hygiene and its benefits
- Healthy diet during and after pregnancy
A nurse midwife is a person who is specialized in childbirth and women’s reproductive health and also licensed healthcare professional. Besides handling births, they also carryout annual exams, accord counselling and also write prescriptions. Nurse midwife is the one with abundant capabilities needed for a midwife in the international confederation of midwives. They also have extraordinary experience as a registered nurse. After accomplishing the registered nursing and midwifery education they are accepted to practice as a nurse midwife and credentialing a certified nurse-midwife. The main aim of CNMs is to provide women a lifetime care including their pregnancy, postpartum period, birth control, and a well women care. Mostly women with possibility of danger receives the care and benefits of midwifery from CNM in collaboration with a physician.
- Obstetrical nursing
- Labour risk and care
- Mental health care
- Unplanned pregnancy guidance and care
- Childbirth supervision and care
An MFM specialist is a doctor who assist to take care of women with difficulties in pregnancy and high risk during labour. A mother pregnant with twin babies are considered as complicated pregnancy that is the place where an MFM specialist will be a backbone of a medical team. These doctors are commonly referred as Obstetrician and also, they have undergone 3 years of additional practicing in high risk pregnancy. Thus, they are called as high-risk pregnancy doctors or perinatologists. For women with complicated pregnancies they provide regular prenatal care. They also assist to take care of the mother’s actual health issues like high blood pressure and diabetes. Tests and monitor’s baby’s growth and development by following ultrasound procedure in regular. They also checks for birth defects, heart problems, blood disorders including growing babies and genetic disorders by conducting test such as chorionic villus sampling or umbilical cord sampling and amniocentesis. Provides recommendations by identifying the future risk in the pregnancy.
- Prenatal care
- Postnatal care
- Medical care during illness
- Surgical care
Bariatric surgery comprises a variety of methods carried out on patients who have obesity. In this surgery weight loss is attained by decreasing the whole size of the stomach by removal of a small portion of the stomach or with gastric band or crossing out and re-directing the small intestine into a small pouch of stomach. There is a need to inform the obstetric about what kind of bariatric surgery have undergone such as gastric band a banding procedure in stomach or Roux-en-Y also known as gastric bypass. To avoid risks in pregnancy the Obstetrician should know whether the patient had any complication of the surgery like blood transfusion or blood clot, second surgeries etc. After bariatric surgery most of the women gets regular menstrual cycle who suffered from irregular menstrual cycle and also the possibilities of gaining pregnancy increases. One of the best suggestions from professionals it is important to wait for 18 months after bariatric surgery to attain a weight loss goals so that they can have a healthy pregnancy. some studies have proven that women getting pregnant immediately after the surgery also had healthy pregnancy and labor, this made possible only by the care and supervision of the Obstetrician closely in their nutrition and weight.
- Classification of bariatric surgery
- Precedence over bariatric surgery
- The attempt of first trimester
- Food nutrition and drug supplement
Prenatal screening test are a group of procedures which are conducted during the time of pregnancy on a mother to check whether the baby has any sign or symptoms of having any specific birth defects. These tests are mostly non-invasive. These are generally used or first trimester and second trimester even though at some rare cases it is performed for third trimester also. The existing specific risk and its possibilities can be determined only after the screening test. The positive results from the screening test will be the major way for deciding the diagnostic method. Some routine prenatal screening tests which can be used to check for gestational diabetes includes glucose tolerance tests. Other that this some subsidiary screening test also conducted only for women having high-risk to deliver a healthy child. This condition is suggested when a women lived in the regions where tuberculosis in a common disease during her pregnancy the mother should have a tuberculin skin test.
- Fetal imagining modalities
- Trimester screening process
- Prenatal diagnostic screening
- Cell free DNA screening
The only conduit between the placenta and the growing embryo or fetus is the umbilical cord. It is also called as funiculus umbilicalis or birth cord. In humans at the time of prenatal development the umbilical cord becomes the part of the fetus both genetically and physiologically. It generally contains one vein called as the umbilical vein and two arteries called umbilical arteries both are buried in Wharton’s jelly. From the placenta the nutrient rich oxygenated blood is supplied to the fetus via umbilical vein. In the fetal heart starts to pump the nutrient exhausted and oxygen less blood to the placenta via umbilical artery. After the delivery of the baby if it takes more than 15 seconds for the cord to clamp then it is called as delayed cord clamping as delayed clamping takes place between 25 seconds to 5 minutes. This results is increasing the blood level of the infant because the late clamping allows the blood to flow to the infant until the cord clamps completely.
- Vasa previa
- Retarded cord clamping
- Umbilical artery
- Scheduling the Cesarean
Infertility occurs when a couple was unable to get conceive even after having regular unsafe sex. It may be a problem with any one of the partner to get conceive. It also includes woman who was not able to have full term pregnancy. It is mostly defined as without the use birth control for 12 months with regular sexual interactions and after all the couple is not conceiving. Around 10 percent of woman around the world aged 15-44 are evaluated to have complications in getting conceive or to remain pregnant. These kind of fertility problem was experienced by 8-12 percent couples in worldwide. Age plays a major role in the ability to conceive which begins to fall about 32 years of age. Some risk factors like smoking, consuming alcohol, obesity, eating disorder, lack of proper diet and exercise, some sexually transmitted infections, exposure to any chemicals and mental stress these are also the reason for infertility in humans. These factors causes miscarriage, infertility in both men and women, affects the chances of conceiving, affects female ovulation and sperm production in male.
- Female infertility
- Diagnosis and treatment
- Current generation of diagnostic tests
- Advancements in reproductive endocrinology
- Fertility and assisted reproduction
Preterm birth is defining as the delivery of the baby at or before 32 weeks of pregnancy. the experts suggest this as the most significant reason for the neonatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, in Obstetric care preventing PTB is one the main goals. For the best prevention PTB the categorization of patient should be based on the risk factor they are suffering from such as obesity, blood pressure etc., thus the combination of Obstetric history and screening tools will help to prevent the preterm birth. The preventive methods include cervical length measurement in women, pessaries, progesterone and cerclage. The prevention and effective screening methods may differ between the specific pregnancy population. The main role of pessary or progesterone is to prevent single or multiple short cervix pregnancies in women with repeated PTB problem or past PTB problem to prevent the recurrence progesterone and a cerclage is used. As a result of spontaneous PTB the morbidity and mortality is needed to be reduced this can be achieved with a strong collaboration between pharmaceutical companies, doctors, patient’s organization and international governments
- Risk factors in preterm birth
- Gene responsibility in preterm birth
- Methods to evade preterm birth
- Unprompted preterm birth prevention
Multifetal pregnancy takes place in 1 of 70- 80 deliveries. The threat factors includes ovarian stimulation, assisted reproduction, advanced maternal age and prior multifetal pregnancy. Multifetal pregnancy also increases some risk factors in women such as preeclampsia, preterm delivery, growth restriction, gestational diabetes, postpartum haemorrhage and Cesarean delivery. The inflated uterus leads to encourage preterm labor thus, causes preterm delivery at gestation period of 35-36 week for twins, 32 weeks for triplets, 30 weeks for quadruplets in average. This may cause structural presentation of the fetus as abnormal. The size of the uterus may decrease after first child delivery risking the remaining fetuses by shearing away the placenta. Sometimes it leads to maternal haemorrhage and atony because of uterine distention impairs postpartum uterine contraction. It can be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography which act as an evident for multifetal pregnancy which is suspected if the uterus is large for dates. The only treatment to prevent fetuses is Cesarean delivery. This is mostly suggested when the fetuses are in vertex presentation.
- Pathology and pathophysiology
- Consequences of medication for ovulation
- IVF role and results
- Probability factors involved in multiple pregnancy
- Modes of delivery
- Diagnosis and Prevention
At present there is an increase in use of herbal medicines and treatment during pregnancies. Some of the most commonly used herbs during pregnancy are chamomile, ginger, valerian, bitter kola, peppermint, cranberry, raspberry leaf, thyme, green tea, sage, garlic, anise and fenugreek. The practice of herbal medicine during pregnancy is depends on the age, income level and educational status of the women. The herbal medicines are majorly preferred during pregnancy for treating nausea and vomiting, also to reduce the risk of shorten and preeclampsia, to treat urinary tract infection and common cold. Usage of herbal medicine during pregnancy infrequently may cause troubles like allergic reactions, increased blood flow, abortion, miscarriage, Heartburn and pre-mature labor. It is not safe for the fetus if a first trimester is suggested to herbal medicine. Before consuming any herbal medicine during pregnancy there is always an expert’s advice is suggested. These unfortunate consequences of herbal medicine and treatment needs a further study to prove their convenient to approach.
- Benefits of herbal medicine during pregnancy
- Healthy choices to prevent birth defects
- Herbs to reduce pregnancy pain
- Herbs for insemination
The involvement to enlarge fulfilment of prenatal care is depends on the firm which are not understanding the actual need of some pregnant women and why it is not enough for a pregnant woman to consume it. Because still there are some barriers for each and every to gain the prenatal care they demand. some barriers which pregnant woman endures from the society are financial barriers starting from issues in private insurance and health insurance. The insufficient availability of prenatal care system also depends on the low-income of the women. Other barriers such as problem with the firm, proceedings, and environment of prenatal care itself , cultural effects, personal factors can also restrict the use of prenatal care. There are much needed information for the pregnant women about the fetus growth and development, the physical and physiological difficulties they face after delivery, the specific tests during pregnancy , pregnancy nutrition. These are only considered when are ill or have any pregnancy complications or they were suffering from disease . since pregnant women demand a protracted knowledge which makes them to take care of themselves and their babies their request must be taken into consideration when generating the rules, regulations and educational programs which can help women in society at present and future.
- Ignorant of medical needs
- Availability and accessibility under improvement
- Unaware of prenatal care
- Agony of rural population
Sex-based health inequality are noticeable all around the world. These imbalanced treatments higher in wealth less countries than other. Women from growing countries majorly faces this crisis and lack basic needs for their health care this leads to life weakening and life threating health problems. child marriage, female genital cutting, Maternal mortality, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS and cervical cancer are some important problems that bother the developing nations. Gynecology and Obstetrics are one of the essential hopes that supporting global woman health and they believe problems will higher the need of cognizance and made to create start over the duties to improve the women’s lives. It becomes a global demand when women health problem gained international attention. Though the government and organizations execute programs and policies to enhance these goals sex-based health inequality still remain in some of the developing countries. Although the probability of allowing women to education and employment increases on other hand they still endure the issues like illiteracy, child marriage, mortality and morbidity. This affects not only the women but also their family, their children and this society.
- Scope of reduction in maternal mortality
- Female circumcision liberation
- Enhancement in treating HIV / AIDS
- Initiation and realization about cervical cancer
In early 18th century in Europe the pregnant women are completely bound with women, they are refused to mingle with men. The mother used to invite her close female family members and friends to her place to accompany her. At the time of childbirth experienced midwives handled all form of labor and delivery. The existence of surgeons and physicians are very less, and they appeared only if there is any severe complications or if the midwife had wasted all her extent. And they see disgust about having a men deliver women.
- Origin of Obstetrics
- The major role of Man – Midwives
- Evolution of general practitioners
- Instrumental delivery and Cesarean
- Obstetrics in 20th century